Semantic Web Technologies (HWS 2018)

Course Description

The term "Semantic Web" was coined in 2001 when Tim Berners Lee (the inventor of the World Wide Web) and others presented their vision of an intelligent web in the "Scientific American". The Semantic Web aims at the development of methods that help to automate the interpretation, aggregation, evaluation and comparison of information on the Web.

This course gives an introduction to the technical foundations of Semantic Web Technologies, including knowledge representation and query languages, as well as logical inference. More specifically, it covers the following contents:

  • Vision and Principles of the Semantic Web
  • Representation Languages (XML, RDF, RDF Schema, OWL)
  • Knowledge Modeling: Ontologies and Linked Data
  • Logical Reasoning in RDF and OWL
  • Commercial and Open Source Tools and Systems


  • Java or Python programming skills are required to pass this course!
  • Preferably, some experience with software development
  • To pass the course you have to fulfill the following requirements:
    • Pass the final exam (you have to get a 4.0 or better in the exam to pass this course)
    • Successfully work in a group on a project idea (programming!), present the results and write a report
  • The final grade is the grade achieved in the final exam, however, the project is a mandatory requirement to pass the course. Note: This grading scheme is different from the past years!



  • Lecture: Tuesday, 12.00 - 13.45, Room B6 A1.01
  • Exercise: Friday, 12.00 - 13.30, Room B6 A1.04



Week Lecture (Tuesday)Exercise (Friday)
03.09.18 Course Organization, Introduction--
10.09.18 RDFIntroduction, XML
17.09.18RDF SchemaRDF
24.09.18 Linked Open Data, Semantic Web ProgrammingRDF Schema
01.10.18 SPARQL, Introduction to Student ProjectsLinked Open Data, Semantic Web Programming
08.10.18 No lecture, work on project proposalsNo exercise, work on project proposals
15.10.18 OWL part ISPARQL
22.10.18OWL part II, Ontology Reasoning--
29.10.18 Project proposal feedback and coachingOWL part I
05.11.18 Ontology Engineering, Top Level OntologiesOWL part II, Ontology Reasoning
12.11.18 Project coachingProject work
19.11.18 Project workOntology Engineering, Top Level Ontologies
26.11.18 Other Semantic Web Languages and StandardsTop Level Ontologies, Project work
03.12.18 Project presentation--

Adminstrative Details

For attending the course, please register for the lecture in Portal 2 (link to lecture and exercise).The course is limited to 30 participants. From this semester on we will have a new process for the course registration and allocation. There will be no "first come - first serve". Students in higher semesters will be preferred, equally ranked students will be drawn randomly. You can register from 13th of August until 29th of August.


Materials and Exercise Sheets



Exercise solutions and additional materials will be made available in the corresponding ILIAS group.

Literature (suggested reading list):

  • Tim Berners-Lee, James Hendler and Ora Lassila. The Semantic Web. Scientific American, 284 (5), pp. 34-43, 2001
  • Pascal Hitzler, Markus Krötzsch and Sebastian Rudolph. Foundations of Semantic Web Technologies. Chapman & Hall/CRC, 2009
  • Pascal Hitzler, Markus Krötzsch, Sebastian Rudolph and York Sure. Semantic Web: Grundlagen. Springer, 2007 (German)
  • Allemang and Hendler (2008): Semantic Web for the Working Ontologist. Verlag Morgan Kaufmann.
  • Antoniou and van Harmelen (2004): A Semantic Web Primer. MIT Press.
  • Heath and Bizer (2011): Linked Data: Evolving the Web into a Global Data Space. Free online version.

Video Recordings

Video recordings from a previous lecture are available here (accessible within the university network or via VPN).